An uncertain start: JWHT Douglas in Australia in 1920-21

The MCC team in 1920-21, heading for the first 5-0 whitewash in Test history, made an uncertain start to their tour, plagued by injury, misfortune and poor form.


“One of those dour fellows who hang on like bulldogs”: JWHT Douglas and the 1920-21 England team

Many of the more colourful men to captain the England cricket team did so in the 1920s. One of the most unusual was JWHT Douglas, who won a gold medal for boxing in the 1908 Olympics. He was an amateur cricketer – he was not paid for playing cricket but instead relied on his father, the owner of a successful timber merchants, for his financial well-being. In those times, amateur cricketers (who invariably came from the “better” classes and were of a higher social status than the professionals) were supposed to play attractive, entertaining and aesthetically pleasing cricket as, unlike professionals, their livelihood did not depend on the game and they could take greater risks. Johnny Douglas did not fit that pattern.

“That’s Roy’s Chinaman … It is one he trusts to luck with”: How Yorkshire invented “t’chinaman”

It is fairly easy to establish that Ellis “Puss” Achong had, in reality, no association with the delivery known to cricket as the “chinaman” (an off-break bowled by a left-arm wrist-spinner); that he was not actually a wrist-spinner; that the first left-arm wrist-spinner predated him by approximately 30 years; and that the famous story of how Walter Robins was dismissed by him was so unremarkable at the time that no-one commented on it. But this leaves a question unanswered. If the delivery was not named when Achong dismissed Robins, where did the name come from? It is possible that the answer is Yorkshire.

“Fancy being bowled by a bloody Chinaman!”: How “Puss” Achong did not invent a new delivery

Most reference works give a well-known story to explain the name for the “chinaman”, the delivery bowled by a left-handed wrist-spinner which spins into a right-handed batsman. It seems to be widely accepted as the truth and not questioned. Which is unfortunate as almost every part, without too much research, can be proven to be wrong.

“We reject, without hesitation, the statement that Mr Macaulay was a chronic alcoholic for 10 years”: The Decline and Fall of George Macaulay

The negative effects of retirement upon sportsmen (and cricketers in particular) is now widely recognised but when Macaulay’s career ended in 1935, these were barely considered. Those professionals lucky enough to have a length career would have had the proceeds of their benefit to support them. Many, such as George Hirst, Patsy Hendren and  (briefly) Wilfred Rhodes, went into coaching, often at public schools. Others such as Jack Hobbs and Herbert Sutcliffe opened their own businesses, often selling sporting goods and trading on the fame of their name. Others, including Ted MacDonald or Fred Root, went back into League Cricket, playing for many years at a lower level for not much less in the way of wages. Some, such as Abe Waddington, pursued other interests (in his case: golf, cars and running the family business). But retirement is often a huge shock to sportsmen and can induce depression and other difficulties. This may explain the sad end of Macaulay’s life, a mere six years after his retirement.

Looking more closely at Macaulay: “A glorious opponent; a great cricketer; and a companion in a thousand”

What kind of bowler was Macaulay, and how good was he? By common consent, his action and delivery were nothing out of the ordinary. Footage available on the British Pathé website shows Macaulay bowling in the Roses match of 1925, albeit from a distance; a closer shot from 1935 shows him bowling, a little self-consciously, for the camera in a feature on Yorkshire. The technical side of his bowling is perhaps unremarkable; other bowlers, before and after him, switched between spin and pace. He performed the role of two bowlers: a new-ball, medium-paced swing bowler and a spinner.

Macaulay’s last years with Yorkshire: “one of the most determined and attractive bowlers of the day”

In total, George Macaulay took 1,837 first-class wickets at an average of 17.65. In eight Test matches, he took 24 wickets at an average of 27.58. With the bat, he scored 6,055 runs at an average of 18.07 and in the field he held 373 catches. He took 100 wickets in a season ten times, a record only surpassed by four others for Yorkshire, while only three other Yorkshire bowlers have taken 200 wickets in a season. He also took four hat-tricks. With Macaulay in the side, Yorkshire won the Championship in 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1931, 1932, 1933 and 1935.